Three Tier Structure
The dairy co-operative movement operates on three tier system wherein farmer members own dairy co-operative societies (DCS) which own district milk producer's union. The unions collectively own the RCDF.
It is a vertically integrated structure that establishes a direct linkage between those who produce the milk and those who consume it.
Federation - Provides service & support to unions. Marketing within & outside state, Liaison with government and NGO agencies, mobilisation of resources & coordinating & planning programmes / projects.
Union - Develops village milk cooperative network, procures milk from DCS, processes & markets. Sale of cattle feed and related inputs, promotion of cross breeding through AI and NS, promotion of fodder development and general support & supervision to DCS.
DCS - Provides input services(AH, AI) to its members and procurement of milk.
The dairy co-operatives depict the following institutional properties :
Training & Extension
Seven milk unions viz Ajmer, Bhilwara, Bikaner, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Kota and Udaipur are operating centres where training is provided for several area related to DCS operations viz DCS secretary, Management Committee member, AI workers, milk tester, first aid worker, chairman orientation, dairy animal management and various refresher courses etc.
To enhance active participation of the producer members in the DCS, to create awareness about improved animal husbandry practices viz feeding, crossbreeding, animal management and stimulate fodder production, extension activities are carried out at DCS and at milk unions. Under farmer's induction & orientation programme, visits to the dairy plants are arranged to demonstrate the process & disposal of the milk collected from the producers. Producers also taken to visit the model Indian dairy cooperative-Anand Milk Cooperative Union (AMUL ) in Gujarat and they in turn educate other milch animal owners in their area about the practices and benefits of cooperatives. Audio-visual aids, field demonstrations, extension camps are used to explain feeding, breeding , fodder development and clean milk production practices.
The Basic unit of Jaipur dairy is village level milk producer's Cooperative society. These village Dairy Cooperative provide a remunerative market to producers. It collects supplies surplus milk from milk producers and send this collected milk to Jaipur Dairy. Milk supplied by the producers are weighed, samples drawn for quality testing and payment is made on the basic of quantity and quality of milk (Fat % ) .The Dairy Cooperative started with traditional manual operated centrifugal machine for fat testing. This system was expensive, hazardous and time consuming and producers were not aware of about fat content of milk supplied by them .During the year 1984-85 the Electronic milk tester (EMT) was installed at about 50 DCS. Since it gave instant digital display of fat content of the milk. But due to non availability of maintenance support and funds during a period of about 10 years, new expansion could not be made. In the year 1996 a strategy was made to have more stress on automation of milk reception at village level Dairy Cooperative as well as at Jaipur Dairy Plant. Since EMT found immediate acceptance and faith in it was felt that accuracy and consequent transparency can result in Growth of milk procurement. The large no of EMT installed at DCS's in phased manner, but the remaining work like weighing, recording of data registers, calculation of amount payable and accounting was all done manually.
Further Electronic Weigher which along with Electronic Milk Tester (EMT) attached to a processor which print a payment slip for every sample were installed at DCS. This enabled a prompt payment to the milk suppliers, but the problem of maintaining records accounting continued to exist. This problem become more acute, as the success resulted in increase in membership, milk collection and therefore accounting activities was also increased. This initiated the Management of Jaipur Dairy to take a further a bold step ahead of providing a paradigm shift in technology by introduction of Smart Automatic Milk collection Station (SAMCS) at village level. This also sought to exploit the potential of the PC for computerizing the other activities of the society, namely accounting, Profit distribution, inventory management of trading items, provision of services and other data.
As a result of this vision, Jaipur Dairy has introduced the PC based Milk Collection Station. The Milk Collection Station performs on-line capturing of Fat content of the milk and the weight of the milk supplied and immediately prints the payments slips. It simultaneously stores the data for further use in the accounts of the society. This data could also be put to use for calculation of profits, and its distribution as it is directly linked to the milk supplied over the year.
The PC could also be put to use for automation of other activities of the society like management of inventory of trading items of the Society, accounting of various veterinary services, animal breeding, animal health care services provided by the society. The generation of such a data-base would lead to another application in future namely the Data mining for study of cattle-breed management, milk collection improvement, health-care, economic, education and other statistics of the milk producers at the village level affiliated with the society.
This data could further be transmitted and pooled through Internet Connectivity at the decision making level for further policy planning, control and effective monitoring. Presently more than 85% of DCSs in our milk shed have either AMCS or EMT. Besides the automation of village level Dairy Cooperatives the milk can Reception System at the Jaipur Dairy dock i.e. the Raw Milk Reception Dock (RMRD) has been modernized with the installation of an RMRD Automation Network System, which is first of its kind in India.
The automation system records weight data from the two reception docks automatically, with entry of various parameters like Route Code, DCS Code, Sample Number, Number of Cans, Types of milk etc. Similarly recording of Milk Quality Analysis data consisting of Fat% and SNF% is also provided. On completion and collection of the weight and analysis cycle for a particular route, both the data are processed and collected for printing the Truck Sheets. The data i.e. both the merged and individual ones are available for further processing. In addition, processed data on milk can summary, route summary, daily summary etc., can also be obtained. The software has provisions for numerous formats and has the usual MIS features. The software is user friendly and has inbuilt features for quality & quantity validation and checking. It also has user secured features for user auditing and performance monitoring. This is a special feature as it prevents manipulation by means of the 'password' authorization control, which is configurable only by competent authorities. Apart from automizing the Man Dairy Dock, we have installed the same system at all of our chilling center's reception dock also.
BUlK MILK COOLERS (BMC)
Bulk Milk Cooler Popularly known as BMC is one of the Latest Kind of Technology/equipment used in Milk Procurement System. Its basic objective is to preserve the quality of milk poured in,by cooling down the temperature of milk to 4'C. There by checking the growth of bacteria responsible for deterioration of quality of milk. Therefore No SOURAGE/CURDLING of milk. Which saves lots of monetary Loss of DCS & its milk producers.
Beside, use of this BMC System has reduced expenditure cost on Purchase of milk cans/lids. Moreover, giving comparatively more time to pour milk to milk producers, residing at farther distance from BMC DCS resulting in increase in no of milk producers, as well milk procurement. It also helps the DCS in getting accurate values of milk Quantity, Fat% & SNF. All these factors lead of increase in viability of BMC DCS. Now this financially sound DCS can give additional milk purchase Price to its milk producers, during Lean season.
Jaipur milk Union is having a very large network of about 443 Bulk Milk Coolers at 409 DCS with a Chilling Capacity of 8.6 Lac Lt. milk per days. These BMC have been received under various Schemes like CLEAN MILK PRODUCTION (CMP) & RASHTRIYA KRISHI VIKAS YOJNA (RKVY) National Dairy Plan.